There are three stages of gum diseases: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Without proper brushing and flossing, gum disease can quickly progress to the point of tooth decay and tooth loss. How do you know that you may have early-stage gum disease?
It seems that the primary cause of gum disease is a buildup of plaque, the sticky layer of bacteria that naturally develops on the outside of your teeth and grows when you skip on brushing or flossing. Medications such as steroids and oral contraceptives can also cause gingivitis, as well as smoking, diabetes, and pregnancy. Sometimes, even genetics can cause gingivitis.
Thick, pink gums are healthy gums. When they are receding, red, swollen, or bleeding, however, you may have gingivitis, even if your gums do not hurt at all. Consistent bad breath is also a common sign of gingivitis.
If you do not seek immediate attention to address your gingivitis, the infection in your gums can spread through your teeth and down to the jawbone, which will require tooth extraction and tooth replacement.
The easiest way to prevent gingivitis is to brush and floss your teeth regularly. By doing so, you will get rid of the plaque that is building on and around your teeth and will keep your gums healthy and clean. It is also important to schedule professional cleanings twice a year in order to keep your smile as healthy as can be.
Schedule an appointment with your dentist as soon as you can. At Ace Dental, we specialize in teaching positive dental hygiene practices that are very easy to maintain at home.
Contact us to schedule an appointment today!